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Chickenpox, a Highly Contagious Disease that can be Prevented by Vaccines

Chicken pox attacks not only children but also adults. Skin rashes that are then blistered and that flow into many parts of the body are certainly very disturbing activities and are known to be very contagious.

The chickenpox virus can only be spread through direct contact with people with chickenpox, even by air.

What is chickenpox, it is good to recognize this disease, so that we can face it anytime.

Know about chicken pox, which has the potential to suffer from this disease?

Web MD explained, chickenpox is caused by varicella zoster virus. Children under 2 years are the most exposed to chicken pox. In fact, 90% of all cases occur in young children. But teens and adults can also potentially suffer from this skin condition.

Chickenpox is usually benign, especially in children. But in severe cases, blisters can spread to the nose, mouth, eyes and even to the genitals.


How is chickenpox transmitted?


Chickenpox is very easily transmitted. Varicella zoster virus is very easy to spread. Always from Web MD sources, the virus can get out of the liquid of the patient's swollen skin. If the liquid falls on the table, the virus will also spread and eventually attack anyone exposed to the fluids of people who have already contracted chickenpox.

The chickenpox virus can also spread through direct contact with people with chickenpox, even by air.

According to information provided by the Mayo Clinic, a red rash and blisters will appear 10 to 21 days after the transmission of the chicken pox and shingles virus, and the infection can last between five and ten days.

What are the symptoms of chicken pox?


The signs and symptoms can usually appear one to two days before the rash, namely fever, loss of appetite, headache, fatigue and general feeling of unwellness.

After the appearance of the chickenpox eruption, it will go through three phases:
The appearance of pink or red bumps (papules), which break for several days
The skin blisters and fills with liquid (vesicles), formed from clumps appearing about a day before breaking and fleeing
The appearance of the crust and mange covering the broken fluid. This phase takes several days to heal.
New masses continue to appear for several days.

After being infected, people with chickenpox can transmit the virus for up to 48 hours before the rash appears. Patients continue to transmit varicella zoster virus to all dry and hardened areas.

Can we prevent chickenpox?


Varicella can be prevented by vaccination or vaccination with varicella vaccine. Varicella or varicella vaccine is a vaccine administered to prevent varicella zoster virus, which is the cause of chicken pox. This

In the United States, the vaccine has been registered since 1995.

The Indonesian Pediatric Association (IDAI) recommends giving the chickenpox vaccine at an age of more than 12 months, the best age before entering primary school. If the vaccine is given to children over the age of 13, the varicella vaccine can be given twice with a spacing of about 1 month.

Treatment of chickenpox


A number of things you can do at home to help relieve symptoms and prevent skin infections. According to the information on the CDC page, Alamine lotion and colloidal oatmeal may help relieve itching.

In addition to cutting nails, this can help prevent scrapes caused by skin blisters.

Chicken pox can be treated with aspirin-free medicines, such as acetaminophen, to relieve smallpox fever. Do not use aspirin or products containing aspirin to relieve chickenpox fever. The use of aspirin in children with smallpox can cause Reye's syndrome, a serious disease that affects the liver and brain and can lead to death.

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