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Get to know Dyslexia: Types, Causes and Symptoms

Graeme Whiting is a small example of the millions of bad dyslexic experiences. He had trouble reading a book so often considered lazy and stupid by his friends.

According to the Austin Learning Solutions report, nearly 40 million American adults suffer from dyslexia. Even worse, out of a large number, only 2 million really knew.

According to the Indonesian Association of Dyslexia, 10-15% of schoolchildren around the world also have dyslexia. Of the 50 million Indonesian schoolchildren, 5 million suffer from disorder.

Anyone, children or adults, can suffer from dyslexia. The symptoms may also be different, so identify what dyslexia is, its causes, its symptoms, and how to fix it.

What is dyslexia?

According to Web MD reports, dyslexia is a learning disability that affects the ability to read, spell, write and speak.

Dyslexic children find it difficult to match the letters they see to the sound they hear to become a sentence.

Dyslexia is often identified during childhood, but dyslexia may also not be diagnosed for years.

Dyslexia has nothing to do with intelligence because it is a neurobiological disorder that affects parts of the brain involved in language processing.

Types of dyslexia

According to Healthline, there are three main types of dyslexia, and the three have different levels. The three types of dyslexia are:


This type involves motor skills. This causes difficulties to write when creating letters. People of this type usually write letters in reverse.

· Dysphoneia

This type involves listening or hearing skills. This causes difficulties in saying words or understanding foreign words.

· Dyseidesia

This type involves visual skills. This causes difficulties or an inability to know or understand written words. This also causes difficulties in knowing the words with the voice.

Causes of dyslexia

Back reported by Web MD, the main cause of dyslexia is the genetic influence. That's why it can happen in a family that has the same story.

In addition, this condition also comes from different parts of the brain that process language. Where the brain of a person with dyslexia shows that the area of ​​the brain that should be active during reading does not work properly.

For dyslexic children, the brain has trouble associating letters with the sounds it emits, then integrating them into words.

So, for a person with dyslexia, the word "cat" can be read as "tac" because for them the letters are mixed, so reading can be a slow and difficult process for


Symptoms Symptoms of dyslexia may vary for some ages. The symptoms in children and adults are also different:

The symptoms of dyslexia in adults, reported by Healthline, are as follows:


Difficult to solve mathematical problems

Difficulty memorizing

Management of time

Dislexic adults can not summarize the stories they hear or read. In addition to these symptoms, other problems that can interfere with daily activities are:

· Having trouble concentrating on a task

· Avoid meetings related to planning

· Overwhelmed when asked to complete long forms

· Respond to errors

· By imposing strict rules

· Better learning visually or through direct experience

· Easily stressed

· Low self-esteem

Symptoms reported by Web MD with different titles for children, especially for preschool children, are:

· Difficulties in processing the language.

· Preschoolers who have this learning disability are lagging behind their peers in terms of language skills.

· They need more time to talk and write.

Preschool children with dyslexia may have the following signs:

· They have trouble learning or remembering alphabetical letters.

· They speak poorly of familiar words.

· They have trouble recognizing letters. For example, they were wrong "t" for "d."

· They do not recognize patterns of rhyme.