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History of the Razor Starting from Gillette


Silet is a name in Indonesian. According to KBBI, the razor blade is "a knife in the form of a small and thin steel plate, usually double-edged (without handle)". It is a fairly important object in everyday life, especially for men. In history, the word "razor blade" has different meanings. It is also often associated with criminal offenses.

The razor, although a trivial object, is used by almost all the men of the world. Its market share is very promising, reaching billions of dollars every year. Gillette controls more than half of the circulating razor products in the world.

Gillette was discovered by King Camp Gillette. The ancestors of King Gillette came from the French Hugeunots - who had fled to England in 1572, then to Massachusetts in 1630. King Camp Gillette himself was born on January 5, 1855 in Fond du Luc, Wisconsin and Chicago. Once upon a time, he was a traveling trader.

According to the Patent and Trade Mark Review, volume 9-11 (1911: 3588), King Gillette discovered the safety razor in 1895.

At that time, there was no razor equipped with a sharp knife to two sides. Shaving knives must often be sharpened to sharpen them.

Chaim M. Rosenberg in The Great Workshop: The Victorian era of Boston (2004: 43) wrote that King Camp Gillette (1855-1932) founded the American Safety Razor Company in September 1901. His office was located above a fish shop located at 424 Atlantic Avenue. The name Gillette Safety Razor Company was pinned in 1902.

He began selling knives and shaving tools for his discoveries in 1903. Gillette's discoveries were patented on November 15, 1904, today 114 years ago.

In a sheet published by the United States Patent Office, US Patent No. 775,134, it is stated that King Camp Gillette lives in Brookline, Massachusetts. ED Chadwick and Joseph T. Brennan were witnesses.

The thin knife should reduce costs and eliminate the aggravation of the knives.

In a patent file No. 775 134, the razor or thin knife is not called Gillette - as indicated by the Indonesians: razor blade - but "razor".

Gillette is not alone in manufacturing products. He was assisted by William Emery Nickerson (1853-1930), technician. "The idea of ​​Gillette will not materialize without the technical contribution of William Emery Nickerson," writes Robert K. Waits in Avant Gillette: The quest for a safe: inventors and patents, 1762-1901 (2009: 243) .

When his family moved to Boston, according to August Bolino in The Men of Massachusetts: Bay State Contributors to American Society (383), "King Gillette worked on much of his invention in 1895". He had trouble making large quantities of thin, sharp knives. Until he also brings his idea to the Department of Metallurgy at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). At that time, Gillette's idea was difficult to achieve. Six years later, he then met Nickerson who managed to achieve it.

Sovereign of the market

Selling Gillette's results is not easy. In 1903, as reported by the New York Times (11/07/32) in Gillette's obituary, the company was able to sell only 51 razors and 14 of its sharp blades. The following year, 90,000 razors and 15 million thin blades were sold. Until Gillette's death on July 9, 1932, his shaving tool had been sold for 20 million and the knife to billions.

The company continues to innovate. In 1971, as Gillette reports, the company developed a double-blade razor. The knife is no longer double-edged. Innovation continues. The slogan of the company that was part of Procter & Gamble (P & G) in 2005 is "We will stop making razors when we can not make it better".

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